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Dull Pain In The Lower Left Abdomen
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Possible Causes Of Pain And Burning In The Groin
There are many different conditions that can cause abdominal pain, which can make diagnosing the problem difficult.
The abdomen is a large area, so this EZmed post will focus on the lower abdomen, including the anatomy and quadrants of the lower abdomen.
We will also discuss causes of abdominal pain such as appendicitis, ectopic pregnancy, urinary tract infections, sexually transmitted infections (STDs/STIs), kidney stones, ovarian cysts, diverticulitis, colitis, and more.
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If you want a complete overview of the entire abdomen, including the anatomy and causes of pain in the upper and middle abdomen, then check out the following EZmed posts:
As mentioned above, there are various causes of abdominal pain that can make it difficult to determine the underlying process.
The easiest way to determine the area is to divide the stomach into 9 different areas using the 3 x 3 grid shown below.
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The right lower quadrant is the right lower quadrant (RLQ) – also known as the right lower quadrant.
Image: The lower abdomen can be divided into the following regions: right lower quadrant (RLQ), suprapubic region, and left lower quadrant (LLQ).
Now that we have divided the abdomen into different regions, let’s review the anatomy of each region.
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**We will focus on the important elements and not all the little elements. Also note that property sections may extend to other areas.
The cecum is a pouch-like structure that is considered the first region of the large intestine where the small intestine joins.
The uterus and related reproductive structures are located in the suprapubic region in women, while the prostate and related reproductive structures are located in the suprapubic region in men.
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Portions of the small intestine, right and left ureters, and aorta/iliac arteries may extend into the suprapubic region.
Second, the sigmoid part of the colon is located in the lower left quadrant relative to the cecum.
Image: The main structures of the RLQ include the appendix and the colon (upper/upper) in men and women, and the right fallopian tube in women.
Pain In Left Lower Abdomen
The main structures of the suprapubic region are the bladder in men and women and the uterus in women (and the reproductive organs in men and women).
The main structures of the LLQ include the colon (sigmoid/descended) in males and females and the left fallopian tube in females.
Now that we’ve covered the basic structures of each abdominal area, let’s discuss the causes that can cause abdominal pain in that area.
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**The following focuses on the primary pathology of each quadrant and is not an exhaustive list of all possible abdominal pathologies.
Major structures in the right lower quadrant include the appendix and eyeball in males and females, and the right ovary and fallopian tube in females.
Pathology of the appendix includes appendicitis, which is often diagnosed as lower quadrant pain (early appendicitis may begin as generalized pain).
Lumbar Referred Pain
Pathology in the colon can also cause pain in the lower right quadrant, and this can be infection, inflammation (colitis), perforation, obstruction, etc.
Ovarian pathology can include ovarian torsion (twisting of the ovary), ovarian cyst (especially if it has ruptured), and tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA, ovarian/fallopian tube-related abscess).
Finally, remember those other structures that may extend into the right lower quadrant—the small intestine, the upper colon, and the right ureter.
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Therefore, diagnoses such as kidney stones in the right ureter and inflammation/infection of that specific part of the small intestine or upper intestine that extends into the right lower quadrant can also cause discomfort in this area.
Therefore, pregnancy can cause discomfort in the lower abdomen, especially if the ectopic pregnancy is attached to another place (it can also cause pain in the lower right or left quadrant of the uterus).
Since the reproductive organs are located in the suprapubic area, regardless of whether it is male or female, sexually transmitted diseases can cause discomfort in the lower abdomen.
Large Intestine Pain
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), the most common sexually transmitted disease in women, can also cause suprapubic pain.
Finally, remember that portions of the small bowel, right and left ureters, and aorta/iliac arteries may extend into the suprapubic region.
Problems with these structures can result in suprapubic discomfort (abdominal aortic aneurysm, kidney stones in the ureterovesical junction, inflammation/infection of the small intestine, etc.).
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Sigmoid pathology can include diverticulitis (inflammation and/or infection of a diverticulum with a large intestine – usually the sigmoid), which can cause left lower quadrant pain.
This area also contains the left ovary and fallopian tube in women, and the same disease we discussed above with the right ovary/fallopian tube can also occur on the left side.
Finally, remember that parts of the small intestine, lower intestine, and left ureter can also extend into the LLQ.
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Therefore, problems with these structures can cause discomfort (kidney stone in the left ureter, infection/inflammation of the descending colon or small intestine, etc.).
Image: Possible causes of abdominal pain located in the right lower quadrant, suprapubic region, and left lower quadrant.
Although the source of abdominal pain may originate from organs and systems within the area, referred pain may also be present.
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Referred pain is defined as pain that is felt elsewhere than the stimulus.
Pain can radiate – pain that starts in one area and moves steadily to another.
Pain can migrate – pain that starts in one place and then moves to a completely different place.
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In fact, a patient’s complaint of “flank pain radiating to the groin” is a common phrase seen on medical examination.
Early appendicitis may present as chronic abdominal pain or periumbilical pain. As the disease progresses, the pain usually moves to the lower right side.
Image: Abdominal pain can be radiating (kidney stones: peripheral pain radiating to the back) or migrating (appendicitis: early appendicitis causing generalized periumbilical pain and movement to the RLQ).
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Just as intra-abdominal pathology can cause extra-abdominal pain, extra-abdominal pathology can cause abdominal pain.
If the pain is referred to the lower abdomen, it may be due to pathology in the hip or pelvis.
For example, a hip fracture, osteoarthritis, or musculoskeletal injury involving the hip/pelvis can cause abdominal pain.
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Although the ovaries can cause abdominal pain in women because they are located directly inside the lower quadrant, testicular pathology, regardless of their external location, can cause pain in the lower abdomen (or hips and legs – sometimes seen in pediatric patients) in men. .
Testicular pathology can include orchitis (curvature of the testicle), orchitis (inflammation and/or infection of the testicles), or epididymitis (inflammation and/or infection of the epididymis).
Image: Sometimes pathology outside the abdomen (hip fracture, testicular torsion, orchitis, etc.) can cause pain directed to the lower abdomen.
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Previous Previous Cerebral Ventricles: Anatomy, Function, CSF Flow Next Next Cerebral Lobes: Cerebral Cortex Anatomy and Function Pain in your pelvis can be caused by many conditions, including urinary tract infections, kidney stones, hernias, or indigestion. problems. food . Pain in the right side may indicate appendicitis, which is a medical emergency.
What Causes Lower Abdominal Pain In Females?
Your pelvis is the area below your belly button and above your thighs. Anyone can feel pain in this part of the body.
Other causes of pelvic pain, such as menstrual cramps, are normal and nothing to worry about. Some causes of pelvic pain can be serious and require a visit to the doctor or hospital.
Check your symptoms with this guide to find out what’s causing your pelvic pain. Then consult a doctor for diagnosis and treatment.
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We use the terms “female” and “male” generically in this article to indicate the terms that have traditionally been used for the sexes of people. But your gender identity may not be related to why your body has pelvic pain. Your doctor can best help you understand how your specific conditions translate into diagnosis, symptoms, and treatment.
A variety of conditions can cause pelvic pain. Some conditions can affect everyone, while other conditions are specific to male or female issues.
A urinary tract infection (UTI) is a bacterial infection
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