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Influential Artists Of The 20th Century
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Vincent van Gogh was a Dutch painter, considered the greatest after Rembrandt van Rijn and one of the most famous post-impressionists. full-time artist.
Over the course of 10 years of his artistic career, Vincent van Gogh developed his iconic style, characterized by dramatic colors, bold brushstrokes and rounded shapes. His success is all the more remarkable given the brevity of his career and the poverty and mental illness that plagued him.
Vincent van Gogh’s career as an artist was very short, lasting only 10 years from 1880 to 1890. Before that, he held various jobs, including art dealer, language teacher, lay preacher, bookseller, and missionary.
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The work of Vincent van Gogh greatly influenced the development of modern art, especially expressionism, especially in the works of the Fauvepainters, Chaim Soutine and the German expressionists.
Vincent van Gogh is remembered for all the stunning colors, bold brushwork, and swirling shapes of his art, as well as the complexity of his life. Partly because of his many published letters, van Gogh has long been recognized in the popular mind as the foremost tortured artist.
Starry Night, oil on canvas by Vincent van Gogh, 1889; at the Museum of Modern Art in New York.
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Vincent van Gogh, (born March 30, 1853, Zundert, Netherlands – died July 29, 1890, Auvers-sur-Oise, near Paris, France), Dutch painter, often considered the greatest after Rembrandt van Rijn, is one of the greatest artists. the post-impressionists. The surprising colors, emphasized brushwork and swirling colors of his work greatly influenced the modern style of expressionism. Van Gogh’s art became incredibly popular after his death, especially in the late 1900s, when his works sold for incredible sums at auctions around the world and were featured in bestsellers. Partly because of his many published letters, van Gogh became legendary in the popular imagination as the quintessential tortured artist.
Van Gogh, the eldest of six children of a Protestant pastor, was born and raised in a small village in the province of Brabant in the south of the Netherlands. He was a quiet, self-possessed young man who spent his free time wandering the countryside to see nature. At the age of 16, he studied at the Hague branch of art dealers Goupil and Co., owned by his uncle.
Van Gogh worked at Goupil in London from 1873 to May 1875 and in Paris from that date to April 1876. Daily contact with works of art awakened his artistic talent and he soon developed a taste for Rembrandt, Frans Hals and other Dutch masters. , although his favorites were two modern French painters, Jean-François Millet and Camille Corot, whose influence lasted throughout his life. Van Gogh did not like art. His approach to life was also curtailed when his love was rejected in 1874 by a girl from London. His burning desire for human love was thwarted, he became more and more lonely. He worked as a language teacher and lay preacher in England, and in 1877 he worked as a bookseller in Dordrecht, Holland. Driven by the desire to serve people, he considered entering the ministry and beginning theological studies; but he left this position in 1878 to study while working as a preacher in Brussels. Clashes with the authorities occurred when he opposed orthodox teaching. Finding no time to leave after three months, he left to do missionary work among the poor people of Borinage, a coal-mining region in southwest Belgium. There, in the winter of 1879-80, he faced the first great spiritual crisis of his life. Being among the poor, he gave away all his worldly possessions in a moment of grief; Then the church authorities fired him for his literal interpretation of Christian doctrine.
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With no money and feeling that his faith was destroyed, he gave up and left everything. “They think I’m crazy,” he told a friend, “because I wanted to be a real Christian.” They took me out like a dog and said I was causing trouble.” This is where Van Gogh began to paint a lot and thus found his true career as an artist in 1880. Van Gogh decided that his work from then on would be to comfort people through art. ” I want to give the poor a message of brotherhood,” he explained to his brother Theo. “When I sign [my paintings] ‘Vincent,’ it’s like one of them.” This realization of his creative power restored his confidence. From Leonardo da Vinci to Salvador Dalí, here we take a look at 10 of the most famous artists of all time, based on their technical skills and the methods they used to push boundaries, and what their legacy was.
Recent discoveries have brought this 15th-century Italian artist to the front pages of modern newspapers. According to Carlo Vecce, the Renaissance artist who wrote the historical book ‘Il Sorriso di Caterina’ (‘The Smile of Catherine’), the artist’s mother was a slave sold in Italy.
Da Vinci Artist and painter, engineer, scientist, philosopher and architect, Vinci was best known for his paintings and anatomical drawings. He created some of the most famous paintings in European art, such as:
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Da Vinci only has 22 paintings that he painted, and the Louvre in Paris has five or six. Other museums where you can see his paintings are the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, the National Gallery in London and the Louvre in Abu Dhabi. He played an important role in introducing modern, scientific methods to art and music, which are still used in modern life today.
An Italian artist, painter and architect of the High Renaissance, Michelangelo’s work had a lasting influence on the development of Western art due to his use of ancient motifs.
He is best known for the paintings on the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel (1508-1512) in the Vatican, but the artist considers himself a sculptor, and his most famous sculptures are:
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‘Bacchus’ was Michelangelo’s first major painting and represents the Roman god of wine. ‘David’ is a sculpture depicting the boy who fought Goliath in the Bible, 13 meters tall, confident and brave, ready for battle. The statue is said to represent the image of a disappointed and humiliated hero and was recognized by Pope Julius himself.
Shortly after the success of ‘David’ came ‘Moses’ which was the statue commissioned by the Pope for his tomb. In this 8-meter-high statue, Michelangelo chose to depict the anger and disappointment of Moses at a certain point in the Bible. Moses saw that his people had turned to a pagan idol and in anger threw stones with the Ten Commandments. Michelangelo was able to simultaneously show the strength and difficulty of a man in the position of his swift torso and the swift movement shown in his beard.
However, the only work Michelangelo ever signed was his sculpture ‘Pietà’ (1498-1499), which depicts the body of Jesus wrapped around the arms of the Virgin Mary after the crucifixion. This piece is important because it combines the common theme of the Renaissance, the beauty of nature, while also showing a sense of nature.
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Michelangelo was also a great poet, his most famous work being ‘Doom of Beauty’. His poems help us understand the thoughts of the artist.
Raphael, also known as Michelangelo’s rival due to similar styles and works, was an Italian painter and architect of the High Renaissance period, known for paintings such as:
The ambassador reported that Rapheal painted the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel when it was given to the young sculptor Michaelangelo, who was not an artist.
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While painting the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, Raphael was commissioned to paint the walls of the Vatican. The frescoes of the Stanza della Segnatura (1508 – 1511) are perhaps his most famous works. They show the heavenly manifestation of God and his prophets and apostles in a complex arrangement of images. Rapaël’s paintings are said to represent philosophy, poetry, theology and justice.
He often photographed his loved ones. ‘La Fornarina’ (1518 – 1519), which shows a slightly smiling naked woman covering her stomach with a thin transparent veil, is said to be Margherita Luti, his former mistress who refused to marry him. Some say it is
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